Quick Facts\r\n\r\n \tPresidency: 22nd and 24th US President (1885-1889 and 1893-1897)\r\n \tPolitical Party: Liberal Democrat\r\n \tAccomplishments: The only US president to serve two non-consecutive terms\r\n \tHistory: Direct descendant of General Moses Cleveland, founder of Cleveland, Ohio\r\n \tBirthplace: Caldwell, New Jersey\r\n \tBorn: March 17, 1837\r\n \tDied: June 24, 1908\r\n \tWife: Frances Folsom\r\n \tChildren: 5\r\n \tNickname: Big Steve and Uncle Jumbo\r\n\r\n\r\nGrover Cleveland Real Name was Stephen\r\nThe first of our Grover Cleveland facts is that his birth name was not actually Grover. He was originally named Stephen Grover in honor of the first pastor of the First Presbyterian Church of Caldwell, where his own father also served as pastor. Grover Cleveland facts reveal that the future President was quite big, even as a child, and was often teased about this. He therefore dropped the name \u201cStephen\u201d in his early 20s because he got tired of his childhood nickname, \u201cBig Steve.\u201d\r\nGrover Cleveland was Obese\r\nWeighing 250 pounds, Cleveland was the first US President who was very overweight, though he is not the only overweight President in history, nor was he the biggest. The most overweight, so far, was President William Howard Taft (1909-1913). Cleveland did not gain that weight during his presidency, however. He was always overweight, which was why friends and family called him Big Steve.\u00a0Fitness Magazine\u00a0even called him the least-healthiest President, because of his habits of smoking cigars and drinking far too much beer.\r\nGrover Cleveland was Related to the Founder of Cleveland\r\nAnother of our Grover Cleveland facts reveals that he was a direct descendant of General Moses Cleveland, the man who founded the city of Cleveland, Ohio. Moses was also a lawyer, politician, and surveyor. He surveyed the site on which the city would be built, planned what became its downtown area, and gave it his surname on 22 July 1796. Rather than expel the area\u2019s natives by force as was then customary, however, Moses peacefully negotiated with them for the land.\r\nGrover Cleveland had to Quit School Many Times\r\nGrover\u2019s father, Richard Falley Cleveland, was a pastor and missionary who never made enough money to support his family of nine children. Grover was the fifth born, and, like his other siblings, had to quit school several times in order to help bring in money. One of his jobs involved a two-year stint as a merchant\u2019s apprentice in Fayetteville, which forced him to leave the family. He would later claim that he learned more from that apprenticeship than he did at school.\r\nGrover Cleveland Turned Down the Chance to Go to College\r\nCleveland\u2019s father died in 1853, so he had to quit school yet again in order to help support his family. He had worked as an assistant teacher for a while, when his pastor offered to pay for his college education on the condition that he become a pastor. Considering how unprofitable such a job was, and what hardship his family had faced, Cleveland understandably refused. He moved to New York, instead, and got a job as a clerk with his uncle\u2019s business.\r\nGrover Cleveland\u2019s Uncle Got Him Started in Politics\r\nCleveland\u2019s uncle was Lewis W. Allen, an important man who introduced him to politicians and prominent lawyers. This would signal the start of his career, for Cleveland would go on to work for the Rogers, Bowen and Rogers law firm. That job sparked his interest in law and he passed the bar in 1859. This marked his entry into the world of law and politics. In 1862, he started his own law firm and became Erie County\u2019s district attorney the following year.\r\nGrover Cleveland Supported Amerindian Rights\r\nIt isn\u2019t true that Cleveland was responsible for the seizure of Amerindian lands, as those were already held in trust by the federal government. It was his predecessor, President Chester A. Arthur, who ordered those lands to be handed over to white settlers before he stepped down. Cleveland rescinded the order on 17 April 1885 and sent in troops to enforce his writ, but it did no good. Many Amerindians who held titles ended up selling their land for cash.\r\nGrover Cleveland Became the First President to Marry in the White House\r\nCleveland became the second president to assume his position while still single, but the first to marry in the White House. His sister, Rose, had to therefore take up the duties of First Lady initially. In 1885, however, Cleveland met Frances Folsom, a student at Wells College. She was among the first women to study at college, since higher education was not traditionally open to women. On 2 June 1886, they got married at the White House in the Blue Room, which still exists today.\r\nGrover Cleveland Fought Corruption as Mayor of New York City\r\nCorruption was endemic to New York City and its surrounding state. Back then, it was a common practice to award state services, like street-cleaning, to the highest bidder instead of to the lowest. While bad for the city\u2019s tax payers, it was good for the company which won the bid, and for the politician who granted it. When Cleveland became the city\u2019s mayor in 1882, he fought such practices by publically shaming those leaders responsible, paving the way for his presidency.\r\nGrover Cleveland Modernized the Country\u2019s Infrastructure\r\nUp until Cleveland\u2019s presidency, America lacked regulation and government oversight. As a result, public infrastructure was not standardized. The country also suffered because the navy, roads, and railways were private interests and therefore subject to corrupt deals. Cleveland set up the Interstate Commerce Commission in 1887 to regulate the roads and railways. He did the same with the navy, which had previously been producing substandard ships because of business interests. Thanks to him, America finally modernized its naval ships and public infrastructure.\r\nGrover Cleveland Killed 2 Men\r\nPerhaps the most gruesome of our Grover Cleveland facts concern events that took place during his stint as Sheriff of Erie County from 1870 to 1873. In 1872, Patrick Morrissey was condemned to hang for murder. As sheriff, it was Cleveland\u2019s duty to either execute the man himself or pay a deputy $10 to do it for him. Already renowned for his tight purse strings, Cleveland chose to personally hang the man himself. In 1873, he hanged John Gaffney, another convicted murderer.\r\nGrover Cleveland May Have Fathered an Illegitimate Child\r\nIn 1884, Cleveland ran for the presidency, but nearly lost because of the Halpin Scandal. Maria Crofts Halpin accused him of being the father of her child and of corrupting her morals. The Republicans seized on this scandal, but, rather than deny it, Cleveland admitted that it was possible since he had had an affair with the woman. He even admitted paying her child support since 1874. The open and honest way in which he dealt with the scandal saved his campaign, allowing him to become President.\r\nGrover Cleveland Paid to Avoid Conscription\r\nAnother of our well-known Grover Cleveland facts is that despite his nationalism, he dodged military conscription. He started his own law practice in 1862, but the following year, Congress passed the Conscription Act of 1863. This bill required that all able-bodied men serve in the military if called upon. The alternative was to hire a substitute. Cleveland chose the latter option by paying $150 to George Beninsky, a Polish immigrant in his early 30s, to take his place.\r\nGrover Cleveland Actually Won His First Presidential Reelection\r\nIn 1888, Cleveland ran for a second term with the Democrat\u2019s full approval, but was defeated by Republican Benjamin Harrison. Harrison\u2019s victory, however, was based only on the electoral votes in the swing states of New York, New Jersey, and Indiana. As far as the nationwide popular vote was concerned, however, Cleveland was the actual winner. It was later discovered that the Republican victory in Indiana was the result of fraudulent voting practices, but Cleveland accepted the result with grace.\r\nGrover Cleveland Lived a Spartan Life Despite Being a Successful Lawyer\r\nAs early as 1866, Cleveland had already become a renowned lawyer, famous for successfully defending some high-profile, but poor, clients for free. Financial success, however, finally came about in 1868 after he successfully defended the editor of the\u00a0Commercial Advertiser\u00a0magazine against a libel suit. Those victories earned him more clients and more wealth. Despite this, he continued to live a simple life in a boarding house because most of his money went toward supporting his widowed mother and younger sisters.\r\n\r\nGrover Cleveland Facts \u2013 Facts about Grover Cleveland Summary\r\nGrover Cleveland came from a humble background and was a self-made man, making him the ideal Democratic president. As Governor of New York State, he became a fierce opponent of corruption, which propelled him toward his first tenure as President. His support of liberal economic policies would prove to be his downfall, but wouldn\u2019t stop him from serving a second, non-consecutive term. He was also responsible for modernizing the country\u2019s navy and infrastructure by setting up government standards. Unlike his predecessors, he supported Amerindian rights out of the belief the native population could eventually be integrated into American society.